According to customs statistics, in 2015, our country textile clothing accumulative total trade volume of $309.51 billion, down 4.8%, with exports of $283.9 billion, down 4.9%, imported us $25.61 billion, down 3.5%. Accumulative total trade surplus of $258.29 billion, down 5%.
An overview of the situation
The inlet and outlet of the annual double down
Exports now structural decline
Again in 2015, China's foreign trade encountering "cold current", since 2009, when the global financial crisis after six years of import and export double drop for the first time. As the representative of the labor-intensive products bear the brunt of the textile clothing, annual exports fell by 4.9%, imports fell by 3.5%, which decreased more than the national export goods trade exports, the trade surplus also fell again. Causes of the decline, unlike in 2009, 2009 trade, is due to the sudden global financial crisis led to a sharp contraction, falling exports and 2015 more due to China's traditional export advantage disappeared and superimposed structural decline caused by internal and external adverse environment, import decline is mainly due to insufficient domestic economic slowdown, demand.
The trade structure
Trade way is diverse
The new foreign trade platform
In 2015, our country textile clothing trade structure is further optimized, general trade imports, exports accounted for 76.9% and 76.9% respectively, three phases than in 2014 and 1%, respectively. Emerging market procurement trade way in years to get rapid development, mainly the market procurement trade "other" trade exports reached $12.28 billion, increased by 31.1%, exports accounted for 4.3%, almost flat with the small-scale border trade.
Main trade way falling exports, a 3.6% drop in a 3.6% drop in general trade, processing trade, border small trade fell by 20%, general trade the minimal reduction. Imports in 2014, the general trade import share more than processing trade, namely after their gap is widening. General trade imports accounted for 51.5% in 2015, imports rose 2.5%, over the same period of processing trade import share down to 38.6%, fell 12.3% year on year, on the whole import form a negative.
Enterprise operators tend to be optimized. Private enterprises to further expand exports reached $188.98 billion, two-thirds of the nation's exports from private enterprises; State-owned enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises export share is down to 11.5% and 11.5% respectively. Foreign invested enterprises to export decline in most rapidly by close to 10%, a 7.7% drop in state-owned enterprises, private enterprises only dropped by 2.9%.
Foreign trade development mode change. As innovation pattern of import and export business, such as "da tong" foreign trade integrated services platform to flourish in 2015, exports of the top 20 companies, such enterprises (including trading company) accounted for almost half, more than in 2014.
In front of the grim situation of foreign trade, large and super large enterprises show a stronger ability to work under pressure. Among more than 90000 export enterprises throughout the country, exports in more than $50 million, less than 1% of large and super large enterprises, has accounted for 30% of the export quotas, and a 3.9% drop in overall exports fell less than average.
Traditional market is generally low
For the European Union dropped by almost ten percent
Within the eu economy is still not fully stabilizing, au countries development not balanced, and the market is influenced by political factors, make China's exports to the eu in 2015 slumped again. Exports in 2015 was $53.13 billion, down 9.4%. Clothing drop 10.3%, a 6.5% drop in textiles. Categories of commodities, knitting, woven garment's total exports fell by 10%, the price fell 1%.
In 2015, our country within the African union (au) on 28 countries falling exports, mostly in the top 10 countries only to keep 7.8% of rapid growth in the UK.
Now growth point for the United States
The American market is relatively stable, nearly 10 years, our country exports to the United States has always been to maintain growth. In 2015 the United States as the only Chinese traditional large markets maintain export growth. Annual exports to the us $47.74 billion, exports hit a record high, up 6.7% from a year earlier, on the whole form positive boost exports. The clothing export growth of 6.9%, knitting, woven garment total exports rose 8.4%, the unit price fell 1.1%. Textile export growth of 6.2%, among them the fabric and finished products increased by 6.1% and 6.1% respectively, yarn fell by 2.8%.
For the association of south-east Asian nations (asean) growth over 5 years
China's exports to asean growth for five consecutive years in the end of 2015, the year of the association of south-east Asian nations (asean) exports of $35.82 billion, down 0.8%, mainly clothing exports fell by 12.5%. Clothing, knitting, woven garment's total exports fell by 7.8%, the price fell 7.4%. Textile exports to keep growth of 6.5%, among them, the fabric and finished products increased by 11.3% and 11.3% respectively, yarn fell 12.3%.
Drops fastest to Japan
Japan's economic downturn, the yuan against the yen appreciation, order transfer to falling exports to Japan is still in China in 2015, the year accumulative total exports to Japan of $21.65 billion, down 11.7%. Japan in our export market share fell by 3.3% within five years, only 7.6%. Textile and apparel fell by 9.5% and 9.5% respectively, of which the main share of knitted, woven clothing's total exports fell by 11.5%, hitting a new low in recent 10 years, the export unit price fell 1.3% on average.
For emerging markets in the Middle East, Africa, the positive direction
Poor in the overall situation of foreign trade and exports decline become the norm in 2015, and part of the "area" of emerging markets has been better, export growth remained in these areas. Among them in the Middle East export growth of 4.6%, 5.2% in Africa, only exports fell by 4% in Latin America. Know "area" all the way along the 28 countries export growth, one of 16 countries export growth above 10%, and the country still has a large market potential.
The three major traditional market share are falling
According to the customs statistics, from January 2015 to October, the European Union since the global textile clothing import $106.29 billion, down 8.8%. Eu imports from China's total textile clothing $39.52 billion, down 10.2%, slow down more than average. Imports from asean textile clothing $10.35 billion, an increase of 0.1%. Chinese textile clothing in the eu market share of 37.2%, fell 0.6% year on year, the association of south-east Asian nations (asean) textile clothing in the eu market share of 9.7%, increased by 0.8% year-on-year. Bangladesh, Turkey, India and Pakistan together accounted for 36.8% of the market, gradually and compete in China.
According to the customs statistics, in 2015, the United States since the global textile clothing imports $122.1 billion, an increase of 4%, since China imported us $46.37 billion, an increase of 3.4%, imports from the association of south-east Asian nations (asean) $24.02 billion, an increase of 7.1%. Chinese products in the United States market share of 38%, 0.2% lower than in 2014. The association of south-east Asian nations (asean) textile market share of 19.7% in the United States, 0.6% bigger than the same period in 2014.
According to the customs statistics, in 2015, Japan imported treatment of annual accumulative total of $36.84 billion, down 8.2%. Since China imported us $23.77 billion, down 12.1%, dropped more than average, imports from the association of south-east Asian nations (asean) $7.81 billion, an increase of 5.8%. Chinese textile clothing in Japan share continues to shrink, and after 2014 dipped below 70%, again by nearly 3% to 64.5%, over the same period the association of south-east Asian nations (asean) products share rose to 21.2%, increased by 2.8% over the previous year, including Vietnam and Indonesia combined products accounted for 13.5%.
Knitting clothing drag on the overall decline
Categories of goods export prices down
In 2015, 61% of the Chinese textile clothing export apparel exports fell by 6.4%, including knitting, woven garment's total exports fell by 6.2%. Knitting clothing be falling prices are relatively low, exports fell by 11.4%, woven clothing remain 2.6% growth. Textile exports fell by 2.4%, with only the fabric to keep 0.7% of the small growth, yarn and manufactured goods fell 8.8% and 8.8% respectively, manufactured goods, home textiles fell by 9.8%.
All categories of merchandise exports average unit price decline: knitting, woven garment fell 0.5%, yarn fell 9.2%, fabrics, fell 2%.
East exports the most slow speed down
Features of guangdong, fujian into growth
In 2015, the most provinces (cities, districts) falling exports, including the eastern region for traditional exporter, thanks to the flexibility, the external environment change of reaction speed, its exports speed down the slow, only 1.6% fall in the middle and western areas was down 25.7% and 17.7% respectively.
Key provinces and cities, was ranked no. 2, 4, 7 of guangdong, fujian, guangxi for growth, growth of 8%, 0.1% and 38.3%, respectively in the three provinces were showing their growth characteristics: the rapid development of the market to purchase form are pulling for the guangdong export trade, through the market purchasing trade export proportion of the whole province exports reached 14%; Prosperity of small-scale border trade for guangxi, guangxi small-scale border trade exports year-on-year growth of 41%; Hold the pulse of the market, expand exports to the us share in an impregnable position in fujian, fujian annual growth of 12.3%, exports to the us market share accounted for in the United States has more than ten percent.
Textile imports drop of 6.4%
Cotton yarn imports hit a record high
In 2015, our country textile clothing imports represent the drop, and drop more than in 2014, is mainly caused by the textiles. Textile imports fell by 6.4%, including yarn, fabrics and manufactured goods fell by 0.2%, 12.2% and 9.7%, respectively, fabric decreased fastest. Clothing imports rose 6%, including knitting, woven garment total imports rose 11%, wool leather clothing increased by 35.2%.
Because of cotton price and quota restrictions on imports of cotton at home and abroad, domestic cotton quality varies, cotton yarn imports still maintained rapid growth, annual imports of 234.5 tons, a record high, up 16.6% from a year earlier.
Categories of goods imported price decrease yarn. (10.1, including a 12.2% drop in cotton yarns, fabrics, fell by 4%, a 3.3% drop in knitting, woven garment.
Cotton imports a new low for nearly 10 years
Weaker demand, export, as well as the influence of the huge amount of inventory, cotton imports in China continue to slash 2015, the year only import 1.475 million tons, a new low in recent 10 years, fell 40% year on year, import the average unit price is $1740 / ton, down 15%.
According to the China cotton association statistics, in early 2015, China cotton prices index CCIndex (3128 b) is controlled in 13600 yuan/ton, began last fall, after on December 31, 2015 to 12922 yuan/ton, down 683 yuan for the whole year, a 5% drop.
On behalf of the international standard of the spot prices of Chinese imports of cotton index FCIndexM2015 on December 31, 71.50 cents/pound, than in the same year in late November edged up 0.14 cents, or 1% tariff under the fold for 11677 yuan/ton, lower than the same period China cotton prices index 1245 yuan/ton, a narrowing of the same period last month 117 yuan; Slip under quasi tax 13916 yuan/ton, cotton price index of 994 yuan, higher than the same period China spreads from the previous month 77 yuan. Inside and outside the cotton price differentials continue to narrow, the cotton price advantage to weaken further.
Industry into deep swaps
Reducing export into a necessity
Some of the reasons for textile clothing exports fell in 2015, the new and old problems coexist, the external market demand without a substantial improvement: the European Union and Japan's economy has been in the doldrums, unbalanced economic development within the eu member states, and countries such as Greece persistently high unemployment, people consumption demand is restricted; The Japanese market in recent years, the overall imports fell, and industrial transfer speed, Chinese products in Japan share declining; Asean market also failed to continue the rally a few years ago, a quick retreat; The Russian market fell sharply; Only the United States market remained relatively stable.
Domestic measures to steady growth has gradually, but in the short term effectiveness is not significant. Rely on policy has little scope for growth. Improve labor costs, environmental protection pressure, small and medium-sized enterprise financing difficulties and other issues still exist and increasingly prominent, passive appreciation of the yuan against non-dollar currencies make further falling export competitiveness of our country. The national foreign trade development as a whole is currently faced with the new situation, textile and garment industry, in particular, as a representative of the labor-intensive products, need to experience the transition of momentum for a longer time, the next three to five years, China's textile and apparel industry important period for the depth adjustment, exports decline will become inevitable.
Despite facing severe situation complex, export downward pressure increase, but not blindly pessimistic for the export of 2016. The current from the government to enterprises, all levels are actively trying to find countermeasures. Policy from the government level, steady growth will continue after the landing, provide more loose condition for export. Encouraging local commerce authorities to speed up new trade patterns and the use of "Internet +", creating a new growth point of foreign trade. From the enterprise level, a large foreign trade enterprises to accelerate the "going out", grasp the opportunity to expand overseas "area" layout; Strengthen capacity for independent research and development and brand construction, improve the production efficiency, build scientific and effective supply chain management mode, from the traditional producers and middlemen to the whole process of service provider. In large enterprises, small and medium-sized enterprises carry out merger restructuring, integration of local enterprises cluster, and as the core, the formation, structure optimization, technical innovation, quality wins from "manufacturing" to "create" a new era of foreign trade export advantage.
At the same time, the economic situation at home and abroad are no obvious signs of improvement, but also from steep dip, the demand of the major economies will remain fairly level; Strengthening market development, enterprise to explore interest and strength in emerging markets gradually enhanced, for export growth into kinetic energy.
Comprehensive above factors, a preliminary textile clothing export in 2016 is expected to appear even fall, or remain the same as the 2015 level.